Patriotic education is now in fashion. Many began to turn to the sources - the lives of their ancestors. In particular, they are interested in the ancient calendar, the calendar used by the Slavs until the time of Peter the Great. I want to tell you how to calculate what year it is according to the Old Slavonic calendar.
Introduction of the Gregorian Calendar
The use of the Gregorian calendar in Russia came in 1699, when Peter 1 signed a corresponding decree. Until that time in Russia, the years were counted not from the birth of Christ, but from the creation of the world. By the way, that is why in our country now they celebrate not only the New Year adopted in Europe on January 1, but also the "Old New Year", which now falls on the 14th.
The beginning of chronology accounted for 5509 BC. This calendar is used by the Orthodox Church. According to him, it is in September that a new annual cycle of worship begins.
The history of the Slavic calendar
The Julian calendar came to our lands from Byzantium along with Orthodox Christianity. According to him, the account is not from the birth of the Son of God, but from the moment of the creation of the world. True, in Russia and in Byzantium, the year began in different years: either on March 1 or September 1. Modern historians face many difficulties because of this.
The year of the creation of the world, as mentioned above, falls on 5509 BC. It was calculated by the order of the emperor of Constantinople interpreters in 353 AD
BTW! Until that year, there were many other calendars:
- Jewish, etc.
This hampered trade relations, as days, months, and years differed significantly. This is due to the fact that the Bible does not indicate the exact date of life of Adam and Eve, whose creation took place on the 6th day of the creation of the world.
The time of Adam's birth was calculated according to predictions or genealogies, which were interpreted differently in different states and by different people. For example, the date of birth of Christ was calculated only in 525 AD. But many researchers disagree with the monk Dionysius who made this calculation. They believe that the scientist was mistaken for 4-5 years.
The Julian calendar, originating from the creation of the world, is a constant object of ridicule of non-believers. In fact, the world has existed for many millions of years (what we have been told about in history), and here it is only 5509 BC.
The priests give a reasonable answer to this. The summer calculation is conducted from the day when the world was created, i.e. since the appearance of the first people. After all, for God, who was engaged in the creation of all things on Earth, one day equals 1000 years, as well as 1000 years equals 1 day.
The fact that in Byzantium the appearance of mankind was attributed exactly to the 6th millennium BC, practically does not differ from the opinion of historians. True, archaeologists find evidence of the existence of human civilizations, which date back even to the 9th century BC. However, according to most experts, this is not such a terrible error for that time.
But still in the Middle Ages, both in Byzantium and in Russia, the chronology was practically not used. The years were considered either from the beginning of the reign of the next prince / emperor, or according to indicts - to 16-year periods, which began the same way as the cycle of worship services - on September 1.
INTERESTING! For example, the year 2019 in medieval Russia would be called the 2nd year of Vladimir Putin’s reign or 1 indiction.
New Year on the Slavic calendar
Many probably had a question, why the beginning of the year falls on September 1, as well as the beginning of the indiction cycles. There are several major versions:
According to the main version, on September 1, the first Christian emperor of Byzantium Constantine was appointed (who, by the way, ordered to find out the year of the beginning of the creation of the world) in peak Rome, where the beginning of the year was March 1. According to legend, it was on this day that Rem and Romulus founded the city.
According to the order of Constantine, on September 1, field work was ceased, tenure was assessed, and taxes were calculated depending on the harvest. The 16-year cycle of indicts was not so much religious as economic.
However, later, both in Byzantium and in Russia, March 1 began to celebrate the New Year. Priests associate this with one gospel event. Christ returned home after traveling in the wilderness, where he was subjected to devilish temptations. Then he proclaimed that the Lord blessed him to preach the summer of the Lord. And this day fell just on March 1.
In Russia and in Byzantium on this day solemn processions were held for the "production of years". There was even a church of the same name in the church. The water was consecrated, the clergymen congratulated the people, blessed and forgive their sins. In the capitals of both states, the rulers came to the square.
March 1 was a good day for the people. First of all, it was a day off. Poor people were given alms and old clothes. The rich strata of the population were obliged to arrange charity feasts for the poor, to bestow gifts on them. Also on this day, prisoners who were not dangerous for the state could have come under the amnesty
How to calculate what year is the Slavic calendar
To determine the current year on the Slavic calendar is quite simple. It is known that chronology is conducted from 5509 BC. The present year is 2019 AD.
But it is also known, but the beginning of the year according to the Julian calendar falls on September 1. Thus, to find out what year it is, you should add to the current 5508, if the calculated date is earlier than September 1, and 5509 - after.
We calculate the date of June 1, 2019. June 1 - before September 1, which means we add 5508 and get 7527 a year since the creation of the world.